Megacities of the country, especially those in the same federal district, in a sense, are always in the informal competition. In the business environment and at the level of municipal authorities, there is a constant comparison of their production potential, pace of improvement, volume of construction and housing affordability, ability to create a friendly business climate and to attract investments, in short, all the factors affecting the development of the metropolis and determining the quality of life in the urban environment. When comparing the socio-economic potential of Ufa and other major cities in the country, one can identify a number of benefits that could become the points of growth, and give new impetus to the development of the capital of Bashkortostan.
The basis of any economy is industrial production. In terms of shipped products Ufa ranks third among Russian megacities after Omsk and Perm and the first among the cities of the Volga Federal District. The enterprises of the capital of Bashkortostan shipped goods of own production and performed works and services for 637 billion rubles in 2014, which is almost 10% more than in 2013 (in current prices), but if we take a starting point in 2010, it will be 225 billion rubles.
More than 84% of shipped products belong to the processing industry. The largest share - 73% - is oil production, in second place belongs to vehicles (9.3%), the third to the chemical industry, which provides 8.3% of product shipment. It should be noted that "the oil industry", being the locomotive of Ufa industry, demonstrates not only big figures, but also the high quality of the final product. In 2014, a group of Ufa refineries processed more than 21 million tons of oil, and refining depth was about 85 percent, which is close to that of the world's leading countries. The basis of the production line of Ufa refineries is gasoline and diesel of the ecological class "Euro-5" which is in demand both in Russia and abroad, primarily in the Nordic countries.
The second largest manufacture of vehicles showed an impressive growth in shipped products, more than 26% in 2014. These achievements were made possible primarily thanks to the flagship JSC "Ufa Engine Industrial Association", specializing in the production of jet engines for combat aircraft. Last year alone, the company invested about 5 billion rubles in the development and modernization of production, and has received orders which will provide it with capacity utilization up to 2020. The key to success for the new engines is their super-maneuverable fighter that can compete with the best European and American models. Prospects for the Ufa engine-builders are associated not only with the development and production of propulsion systems for combat aircraft, but also the development of innovative high-tech products such as civil aircraft engines and helicopters.
Among the 100 industrial enterprises which appeared in Ufa in the post-Soviet era, there is also a number of relatively small but high-tech industries. For example, "ECM", set up in 2009, develops and manufactures electro-machines capable of very high precision, machined parts made of different metals, alloys, metal ceramics and nano-structured materials. The quality is confirmed by the fact that Japanese and Western European companies purchase its products.
Speaking about the prospects of Ufa industry, experts tend to give it a generally positive outlook. Its stability during the crisis must ensure the development of oil refining, giving a product with higher value added than just the export of raw materials. Motor fuel and petrochemical demand both on the foreign and domestic market allows to shift from foreign to domestic demand supply without serious cutbacks. The second advantage of Ufa is the presence of powerful machinery, including large aircraft industry enterprises, producing details for the armed forces which are actively exported. In recent years, the defense demand in Russia has increased significantly, major export contracts were signed, so the companies, related to the needs of the defense industry, whose share in the total industrial production of Ufa is more than 80%, have to work consistently.